The examination system was finally implemented in the British Indian Civil Service in 1855, prior to which admission into the civil service was purely a matter of patronage, and in England in 1870. A test may be developed and administered by an instructor, a clinician, a governing body, or a test provider. In some instances, the developer of the test may not be directly responsible for its administration. For example, Educational Testing Service , a nonprofit educational testing and assessment organization, develops standardized tests such as the SAT but may not directly be involved in the administration or proctoring of these tests. A fill-in-the-blank item provides a test taker with identifying characteristics and requires the test taker to recall the correct term.

Any requirement for children and adults to self-isolate as close contacts will be removed in England from mid-August, as already announced by the government. Around 2% of close contacts with test results turned out to have coronavirus. By clicking ‘Register’ you confirm that your data has been entered correctly and you have read and agree to ourTerms of use,Cookie policyandPrivacy notice. By clicking ‘Create my account’ you confirm that your data has been entered correctly and you have read and agree to ourTerms of use,Cookie policyandPrivacy notice. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.

  • In contrast, high school students in other countries such as the United States may not be required to take a standardized test to graduate.
  • If you apply for a job and need to complete a test, you will be sent an email invitation, with full instructions on how to proceed.
  • The students will all be tested again at the end of the school year.
  • Included in the expanded examination system was a military exam that tested physical ability, but the military exam never had a significant impact on the Chinese officer corps and military degrees were seen as inferior to their civil counterpart.
  • Competitive examinations are tests where candidates are ranked according to their grades and/or percentile and then top rankers are selected.

If you cannot use the online service to order and you’re eligible for free NHS tests, you can call 119 . “At least daily testing… will have less harm on children’s education than the current exclusion policy, whether or not it has real benefit in controlling the epidemic,” he said. Prof James Hargreaves, from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, said there were some limitations with the study, and better follow-up in the schools studied would have been reassuring. The study could not prove that the policy cut school absences, but the researchers claim that daily contact testing could reduce absences by up to 39%. But only 47,000 of those actually had Covid – the rest were defined as close contacts so had to self-isolate and stay off school, even though they were in the routine of taking tests to establish whether they had become infected. The Scottish government is reviewing its approach to self-isolation for school children, who return to lessons in August.

This provides as much information about the students’ addition skills as a question that asks what the sum of various numbers are. Finally, standardized tests are sometimes used to compare proficiencies of students from different institutions or countries. For example, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development uses Programme for International Student Assessment to evaluate certain skills and knowledge of students from different participating countries. Grades or test scores from standardized test may also be used by universities to determine whether a student applicant should be admitted into one of its academic or professional programs. The other criteria in this case may include the applicant’s grades from high school, extracurricular activities, personal statement, and letters of recommendations. The earliest evidence of examinations in Europe date to 1215 or 1219 in Bologna.

Preparing For Our Tests

These banks may contain up to four thousand sample test questions that have been peer-reviewed and time-tested. The instructor who chooses to use this testbank would only have to select a fixed number of test questions from this test bank to construct a test. They include the use of multiple proctors or invigilators during a testing period to monitor test takers. Test developers may construct multiple variants of the same test to be administered to different test takers at the same time, or write tests with few multiple-choice options, based on the theory that fully worked answers are difficult to imitate.

A physical or chemical change by which a substance may be detected or its properties ascertained. S performed on people age 60 and older are now positive — a doubling from two weeks ago. The company ran the new soap through many tests to make sure it didn’t cause skin irritation. More generally, it refers to a trial that someone or something undergoes. The process of identifying or detecting the presence of a constituent of a substance, or of determining the nature of a substance, commonly by the addition of a reagent.


As a verb, test means to assess someone’s knowledge or abilities, to put someone or something through a trial, or to try something out. Cheating on a test is the process of using unauthorized means or methods for the purpose of obtaining a desired test score or grade. This may range from bringing and using notes during a closed book examination, to copying another test taker’s answer or choice of answers during an individual test, to sending a paid proxy to take the test. Instead, most mathematics questions state a mathematical problem or exercise that requires a student to write a freehand response. Marks are given more for the steps taken than for the correct answer. If the question has multiple parts, later parts may use answers from previous sections, and marks may be granted if an earlier incorrect answer was used but the correct method was followed, and an answer which is correct is returned.

A set of standardized questions, problems, or tasks designed to elicit responses for use in measuring the traits, capacities, or achievements of an individual. The means by which the presence, quality, or genuineness of anything is determined; a means of trial. If you prove that something is true or correct, you provide evidence showing that it is definitely true or correct. Even further removed from the literal use is the application of this expression to organizations or institutions. Take the measure of To judge the character of, to size up, to ascertain the good and bad points.

Medical Definitions For Test

The accused was forced either to grasp a red-hot iron in his hand or to walk barefooted through sizzling rocks and embers. Although these cruel trials were abolished shortly after the Norman conquest of Britain, the expression has retained its meaning of an exceedingly agonizing experience undergone to test one’s worth. E-scape, a technology and approach that looks specifically at the assessment of creativity and collaboration.

British Dictionary Definitions For Test 1 Of

Test scores of students in specific grades of an educational institution are then used to determine the status of that educational institution, i.e., whether it should be allowed to continue to operate in the same way or to receive funding. Informal, unofficial, and non-standardized tests and testing systems have existed throughout history. For example, tests of skill such as archery contests have existed in China since the Zhou dynasty . Oral exams were administered in various parts of the world including ancient China and Europe. A precursor to the later Chinese imperial examinations was in place since the Han dynasty, during which the Confucian characteristic of the examinations was determined. However these examinations did not offer an official avenue to government appointment, the majority of which were filled through recommendations based on qualities such as social status, morals, and ability.